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Nouns and Pronouns           名刺と代名詞

Updated: Mar 19, 2020


  1. Nouns- A noun is a word that includes a person, place, thing, or idea. A noun may take on the role of a sentences' subject(s) or object(s). It is necessary to include a noun in a sentence.  名刺:人、場所、物、か考えを表す言葉。文章の主語または目的語でもあります。文章には必ず名刺が入っていなければなりません。

  2. Pronouns- Simply put, a pronoun is a specific word that is used to rename a noun in a sentence. 代名詞:単純に言うと、代名詞とは文章で使われている名詞の代わりに使われる特別な言葉です。

Jack(2) was standing on the bridge(1) spanning the Seine(2) in Paris(2) taking pictures(1) of the riverboat(1) that was passing beneath him(2).

2. Jack: is the name of the man. Jack:男の名前

1. Bridge: a structure carrying a road, path, railroad, or canal across a river, ravine, road, railroad, or other obstacle  Bridge:川、道路や障害物の上を通りかかる建造物

2. Seine: The name of the river that passes through the city of Paris. Seine:パリの町を流れ通る川の名前

2. Paris: The name of the city that is the cultural and political heart of the country of France. Paris:フランスの首都

1. Pictures: Photographs. Picture:写真

1. Riverboat: A boat with a shallow draft, designed for use on rivers.

Riverboat: 川でよく使われる浅い船

2.Him: Him is a pronoun, though it is a third person singular pronoun.

Him: 3人称単数名詞の代名詞

So here is a sentence you can attempt to classify if you want to test out your understanding.


History tells of men and women like Mother Teresa and Albert Einstein who accomplished great tasks with the desire to the better the society in which they lived.

Try your understanding of the material above by writing the word that is either a noun or a proper noun next to the numbers below.











Answer Key:


1. History: The study of past events, particularly in human affairs

1. Men: Plural for an adult human male.

1. Women: Plural for an adult human female.

2. Mother Teresa: A missionary who was admired by many for her charitable work in India.

2. Albert Einstein: He is known for the equation E=mc^2.

1. Tasks: A piece of work to be done or undertaken.

1. Desire: A strong feeling of wanting to have something or wishing for something to happen.

1. Society: The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community:

2. They: Used to refer to two or more people or things previously mentioned or easily identified.


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